Saturday, May 25, 2013

Where is Somalia, Location Explanation?

Somalia is located on the East African Coast. It is commonly referred as the Horn of Africa is bordered by the gulf of Eden in the north, Djibouti to the northwest Indian Ocean to the east, Kenya to the south west, and Ethiopia to the west and the Gulf of Eden to the North. Located strategically at the mouth of Bab el Mandeb gate way to the Red sea and the Suez Canal.

On the African continent Somalia has the longest coastline with a seaboard that stretches 3,025 kilometers. Somali terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands and it has a total area of 637,657 square kilometers of which constitutes land, with 10,320 square kilometers of water. Somali lowest point is at the Indian Ocean 0m and its highest point Shimbiris is at 2,416M 

Principally desert; northeast monsoon, moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon , torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons. Mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north.

A scrub-covered, semi-desert plain called Guban is parallel to the Gulf of Aden littoral in the north of Somali. It has a width of 12 kilometers in the west to almost as little as 2 Kilometers in the east. The plain is divided into two by watercourses which are essentially beds of dry sand except in the rainy seasons. When the rainy season starts the Guban low bushes and grass transform into lash vegetation. This is the eco region called shrublands and it is part of the Ethiopian coastal strip.

In the north east of the country there are mountain ranges called Cal madow extending from many kilometers west of the city of Bosaso and to the north west of Erigavo. This is where we find the highest peak of the country. The Karkaar rugged mountain ranges are to the interior of the Gulf of Eden. The shallow plateaus locally referred to as Ogo locally are in the central and they give way to the country’s northern mountains ranges. The Haud is an important area for live stock and it merges with the Ogo plateau. Jubba and shabele are the only permanent rivers in Somalia and all of them start in the Ethiopian Highlands. Both rivers mainly flow southwards and the Jubba River enters the Indian Ocean at Kismayo, The Shabele River reaches appoint south west of Mogadishu
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