Saturday, May 25, 2013

Official Language of Somalia and Religion Followed

The culture of Somalia cannot be termed as an exclusive culture. The culture of the horn country developed as a part of interactions and mingling with the nearby and faraway cultures. Countries like India, South East Asia and the Arabian Peninsula played a major role in making up the present day Somali culture. The influence of culture can be seen in the traditional food which has a flavor of South East Asia in it. The country has also been dubbed as the Nation of Poets/Bards due to its extreme love for music. The art of Somalia is both historic and contemporary, and mainly involves pottery, architecture, wood carving etc. Somali art has a major influence of Islamic elements due to the Muslim beliefs among 99.9% of the population. 

The official language of Somalia is the Somali language. It is a part of the Cushitic and Afro-Asiatic family. It is one of the best document languages dating back to the 1900s. The Somali alphabet system is the most followed system in the country after it lost its original script. It was formally accepted in 1972 by the then president SiadBarre. The official national language of Somalia, apart from Somali is the Arabic language. Due to constant contact with the Arab world from the past, this language is spoken by many of the natives. Now-a-days English is being taught widely to make a good contact with the outside world. 

The religion followed in Somalia is the Muslim religion, with over 99.9% of the population following it. Most of the people are Sunni Muslims and some belong to the Shia sect. Sharia is the source for national legislation. Christianity has around 1000 people in Somalia following it. 

Clans form a major part in deciding the socio-political status of the country. A person gets his clan form the paternal side. The major clans that cover the people of Somalia are Darod, Dir, Isaaq, Hawiye and Rahanweyn. These clans and divided into sub clans and further divisions also take place. The policy for marriage is the endogamy policy. 

Fashion and clothing of the Somali people are adhered to the traditions of Somalia. Somali men are mostly seen sporting a Macawi, worn around the waist. They also wear a turban which is generally colorful. Women are usually seen in guntiino, which first draped around the waist and then tied to the shoulders. For festivals and marriages, diracforms the attire of these women. It is a colorful dress and makes women look more elegant. The dirac is worn over a brasseire and a half slip. Gorogoradis the underskirt of the dirac.Married women tie scarves on their head and a shawl on the upper body. Unmarried women need not cover their heads. Jewelry forms a key part in dressing and most women adore gold bangles. During weddings the bride is generally seen wearing a lot of gold. 
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