Saturday, May 25, 2013


Somalia has a history that dates back to 9000 B.C. Cave paintings of the Paleolithic period have been discovered in the northern part of the country. Somalia was ruled by an Arab Sultanate in the 7th century AD followed by a Portuguese invasion in the 15th and 16th century. The modern history began with the invasion of European countries who came there as traders. 

In 1886, British took over the northern part of Somalia by signing treaties with the chiefs in that area. From 1886-1906, British saw resistance from Mohamed Abdullah’s army after which the British bombed Taleex, the stronghold of the latter. Italy also made several intrusions into the Somaliland and by 1924 it made Somalia as a colonial territory. Due to the 1940 war between British and France, the former took control over the greater part of French territory in Somaliland. 

In 1947, Italy renounced all rights of its territory in Somalia. Meanwhile the struggle towards self-governance was made in the British ruled region and on June 26, 1960, Somali became the Republic of Somali. In 1961, the first constitution was adopted. But by 1969, there was a military coup and the army gained power over Somalia. SiadBiarre became the leader of Somalia. Civil unrest started in late 1990s and a major collapse of the entire infrastructure was witnessed in this period. This followed a Transitional Federal Government till 2012 followed by the first Federal Government of Somalia. 

The major historical sites in Somalia include Shangaani, a historical quarter in Mogadishu. The cathedral in Mogadishu is another place to visit. Maduna is another place which has architectures of the medieval era which include houses and mosques Almanra tower is Mogadishu is one of the few well-built towers. Most of these historical places have been ruined by the civil war and only remains of the monuments now exist. A reconstruction of the sites is imminent.
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