Saturday, May 25, 2013

History and Historical Places of Somalia

Somalia has quite a long history since, in the north of the country, there are some cave paintings that were found and believed to belong to the 9000 BC. Somalia is known for the LaasGaalcultural complex which is an important historical site because of its rock art that represents some of the earliest ever in the continent. There were also some inscriptions found just beneath those paintings but they remain undeciphered.
In addition, it is assured that the burial custom goes way back in the Horn of Africa region since Somalia’s cemeteries are said to date back to the 4th millennium BC.

Then, after the prehistory, came civilizations which inevitably left their valuable remains. There are ancient cities (ruins would be the more accurate term for most), tombs and even walls that prove it–the Wargraad Wall is one of them.
Thanks to research, it was even found out that there was a writing system that was in use in Somalia back in the 2nd millennium. 

In the last 800’s, Muslims, coming from the Arabian Peninsula, sought refuge in the Horn of Africa region thus bringing the Islam culture. The Adal Sultanate for instance was a medieval kingdom which was almost continuously having battles with the neighboring Abyssinia, and had the monopoly over quite a large area (along with Somalia, came Ethiopia, Djibouti and Eritrea). 
The successors of the Adal and Ajuuraan empires were numerous (The Warsangali Sultanate, the Bari Dynasties, etc.) and all had in common their respect of one of their predecessors’ tradition which was castle-building (and along with castles, came fortresses as well). 

After World War 2, both British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland remained under the control of Britain as protectorates. In 1945, Italy was granted trusteeship of Italian Somaliland by the United Nations provided Somalia would become independent within ten years. British Somaliland, on the other hand, didn’t achieve independence until 1960. 

Somalia has many historical sites among which one can cite Shangani and Hamarwayne, some vestiges from the Islamic culture, which –sadly enough– suffered enormously during the civil war. The Shanghai old city represents one of the most important historical sites of the country.
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