Saturday, May 25, 2013

Healthand Food in somalia

Until the federal government’s collapse in 1991, Somalia’s healthcare sector was handled by the Ministry of Health and was largely centralized. 1972 was the year that witnessed the disappearance of private medical practices, all because of a decision made by the government during the ‘reign’ of SiadBarre. The national budget was mostly used for military purposes which left the other services such as healthcare neglected.
The civil war wasn’t of much help either since it destroyed a lot of medical public infrastructures. That had to be when the government lost its monopoly over the healthcare service especially since the informal suppliers filled the vacuum. As a result, several, new, low-cost clinics, hospitals and pharmacies were established and that allowed the life expectancy to increase noticeably while the rates of maternal and infant mortality fell. The prevalence of infectious diseases decreased as well and that shows in the regression of the death rate. When comparing the number of physicians back in the 1985-1990 period to that of the 2005-2010 period, the increase is also evident.
Somalia registers a remarkably low rate of HIV infection (1% of adults in 1987 and 0.7 in 2009) and that is due to its inhabitants’ religious beliefs –Islam. 
Nowadays, the country’s healthcare is mainly private-invested but that is not to say that the public system isn’t being, step by step, rebuilt. 

Due to its semi-arid to arid climate, Somalia’s agriculture was a neglected sector in the past. However, it is nowadays the most important economic sector in the country. The regions that are exploited for this sector’s expansion are Gedo, Middle and Lower Juba, Middle and Lower Shabelle and Hiran which are all in the vicinity of the Juba and the Shabella rivers. 
Supposedly, there’s not much to worry about famine, the country’s inhabitants are –by far– more in danger of contracting an infectious disease than dying out of lack of food... but due to the drought the country faced in 2011, there was actually a severed food crisis.
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Popular Posts