Saturday, May 25, 2013

Genocide In Somalia

Somalia, the once beautiful country has been a victim of civil war since 1991. This civil war had led to a complete infrastructure breakdown. The civil war started as a result of clan warfare and has been termed as the “world’s worst humanitarian disaster”, according to the United Nations. Even though the government stabilized in 2009, more than 700000 people were under the refugee camps of the UN making it the 3rd largest refugee camp in the world.

This clan war saw several repercussions in the country, the main being genocide. Genocide refers to the massive killing of people of a particular ethnic group. The year 1991 saw the government being pulled down by the opposing clans. SiadBarre, the long serving leader saw massive opposition due to his decisions taken in anger. This led to a lot of clans trying to take over the government. These clan warlords, in pursuit of power killed thousands of civilians mostly of other clans leading to the situation of genocide in the country. A BBC report published in 2010 highlighted the fact that the capital Mogadishu is turning into a hub of slow genocide. It suggested that the residential zones were often victims of war. These zones saw frequent shelling and firing. Bodies were spread over all the streets. Islamist militants and the government of Somalia were at loggerheads during this time leading to frequent war in that area. Estimates reveal that around 500000 people lost their lives in the war and genocide combined.

The United Nations, European Union and the American Union have constantly sought for resolutions in the war affected country. Despite all the attempts, violence still continues in the region and more people are losing their lives day after day. Finding a solution to this problem seems to be a very complex process.
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