Saturday, May 25, 2013

Travel And Holiday In Somalia

It may seem weird or even absurd to some individuals that someone can actually think of picking Somalia as a tourist destination. This reasoning is based on the constant instability and insecurity that has befell Somalia. It may seem unsafe for many people to visit a country that has for decades faced stability challenges and especially because the country is internationally recog
nized as a warzone with man-made tragedies and military dictatorships.

One is then left to wonder if amidst all these challenges, the Somali government has had time to develop their tourism industry and if there are places to visit and the safety of the tourists be guaranteed. There are places to visit in Somalia but focus can definitely not be channeled towards tourism when insecurity is a major concern as well. It is indeed true that the instability in Somalia has greatly affected their tourism industry because even they few attractive sites are closed and more notably, tourists fear for their safety. The Shanghai old city for example is one place to visit while in Somalia. It is a beautiful site with old buildings that used to be used as a playground for the wealthy in the olden days. Visiting Shanghai old city is however not possible at the moment because it is currently being controlled by warlords in spite of it being one of Mogadishu’s most beautiful spots. There are also a varied landscape of mountains in Somalia, tropical forests and deserts along the Gulf of Aden that may be interesting places to visit but due to the chaos in Somalia, they are not accessible to visitors at the moment.

In spite of all that, Somalia is one of the African countries with a very interesting history being one of Africa’s earliest economic centers in the colonial times. Some of the places to visit in Somalia include:-Bakara market which was like a military base during the Somalian war, War memorial, Daloh heritage reserve and the independence monument which is a sculpture of a hand holding the country’s map. Among the best hotels in which one can spend their time in include Ambassador Hotel Hargeisa, Oriental Hotel, Sahafi hotel, Maan-soor Hotel and Hotel Shamo. Furthermore, there are no traditional festivals in Somalia. The only festivals that the Somali people get to celebrate are those in the Muslin calendar; Ramadhan for example and this, unfortunately cannot serve as a tourist attraction in Somalia.

Tourist Spots In Somalia

Somalia is present in the horn of Africa and has the Indian Ocean to border it in the east, making it a coast country. During historic times Somalia was known as the economic centre of Africa. Currently there are a few tourist spots one can visit the country after the situation is appropriate. We present you the ten places you can visit:

The Bakara Market: This market is the heart of the capital city Mogadishu. The market is filled with shops of food items, ornaments and clothes. One can visit this place for the authentic cuisines or ethnic dresses are very cheap rates.

The old city of Shanghai:With its world-class architecture and beautiful sites, one must surely visit the old city present in Mogadishu. Wealthy businessmen are in hold of this city now.

Sinsui beach: A 5km drive from Merca will take you to this beautiful location. All the tourists do make a point to visit this place. Also if you come to Somalia with your better half, do make it a point to see this place. The hotels here are in the form of huts will all amenities.

The Bazooka bar: Well do not get your hopes high, this place does not have so much alcohol in its menu. Actually it is tough to get alcohol anywhere in Somalia. But if you are dying for some beer, visit this bar. It also serves mouthwatering food.

Daloh heritage reserve: This place is famous for its flora and fauna. One can see lions and hyenas in this place. Nature lovers can find forests, streams and rivers in this place. Trekking is also allowed here.

QaytabaCuntada: The highest peak in Hargeisa can be found here. You can find this place above Barwaqo hotel. Do try to have a meal here enjoying the scenic view. 

War memorial: This depicts the war situation in 1980-1990. Present in the heart of Hargeisa, it has the real MiG Jet fighter that was used in the war.

Kismayo: If you are there in Somalia just to relax, this is the ideal place for you. Being a port city, it is close to the mouth of Jubba River. 

Central mosque: The architecture of the mosque is sure to catch your eye. Muslims who visit the country do make it a point to visit this place. 

Independence monument: Marks the independence of the country. It is in the heart of Hargeisa. The sculpture is a hand holding the flag of the country. A very patriotic site.

Female Life in Somalian

The women of Somalia have seen drastic changes in their lives, both good and bad. On one hand, these women have seen themselves gaining some respectable position in the society. On the other hand, genital mutilation is snatching away their womanhood. The women of Somalia are tall and wiry. They have eagle like feature and long hands. The skin tone varies from brown to black. Somali women are considered as one of the most beautiful women.

Social customs prohibited the women to dine with men. They had to serve the men first and then eat their meal. Also these women had to submit to the men. They had to execute their duties as a wife, daughter and mother first. Only then could they do something for themselves. Socializing with men in public places was also considered as a sin. Women were not sent to schools to obtain formal education. But under the regime of SiadBarre this trend saw a change. Massive steps were taken to promote women literacy.

The role of women was based on her clan. For the nomadic clan women, cooking and taking care of the children was their primary duty. Those from the farming clan did harvesting of crops. Urban women usually tend to be entrepreneurs or working women.

The role of Non-Governmental organizations played a major role in the upliftment of women. In 1994, Somali Women’s Trust was established by Somali women who studied in foreign. This trust helped in setting up of girl’s schools and health care clinics for women. Candlelight is another NGO doing the same kind of job. The federal government ensured that women had a right to vote and hence it increased their interest in politics. 
The attire that women in Somalia wear makes them look very elegant. Women are usually seen in guntiino, which first draped around the waist and then tied to the shoulders. For festivals and marriages, diracforms the attire of these women. It is a colorful dress and makes women look more elegant. The dirac is worn over a brasseire and a half slip. Gorogoradis the underskirt of the dirac.

Female life, despite all these attempts still is in a poor state. Female genital mutilation is still prevailing in the region making Somalia the fifth worst place for women in the world. The poor health care system makes it tough for the pregnant women to undergo a successful delivery. To avoid this, the mutilation is done for the girls in ages 4-11.

The recent opening of women’s centre in Mogadishu has given a new ray of hope in the region. All efforts are being taken to improve the life to women in Somalia.


Disclaimer: Somalia is a country in the horn of Africa. Considered as a beautiful country to travel at one point of time, this is now a war affected zone. Many governments of other countries have issued a travel advisory for Somalia presently. 
We present you a guide of travelling to Somalia and do’s and dont’s in the land. One has to visit this country for its sightseeing and local cuisines. We give a fair bit of idea about how to get there, what to see and what to do.

Getting to Somalia: 
Planes are considered as the best option to travel to this country. Jubba airlines and Dallo airlines have regular flights from Dubai, London and Paris.

By boat, one can get to this country using the ports present in Mogadishu, Kismayu, Berbera and Marka.

One might also think that he/she can travel by car after reaching a neighboring country but this is not advised due to the war like situation.

Staying and travelling in Somalia:
Hotels in Mogadishu and Hargeisa are of good standards and all tourists prefer to stay in those hotels. Other cities like Kismayu, Berbera and Afgoi too have such hotels. Dormitories can also be found in many places accommodating 10 people and providing a cheap stay.

For travelling, one can either take a taxi or the government bus. One should know that this country was without a government for nearly 2 decades and the transport is gradually improving.

Places to visit:
The major tourist attractions in Mogadishu include Bakara Market, old city of Shanghai, Sinsui beach, War memorial, Las Geel and the national parks. Depending on the need and the favorable conditions to travel, one can choose to visit any of these locations.

If you are visiting only the capital then make it a point to visit the Bakara market for authentic dresses and tasty food.

Precautions for a successful travel:
· Stick to bottled fluids.
· Vaccinations before travel are advised.
· Women should not wear skimpy outfits.
· Never shoot photos of women, army, policemen etc.
· Eat in your hotel if you are present there during Ramdan. Never eat out.
· Don’t drink/carry alcohol.
· Avoid shaking of hands with the locals.
· Being a war zone currently, women can be at risk of sexual harassment.

If one follows the ethics above and plans his trip accordingly, he/she can have a safe journey and an enjoyable one too.

Somalia Language

The official language of Somalia is the Somali language, which a form of Afro-Asiatic language. It is a type of Cushitic language spoken by ethnic Somali. This language finds its major use in the northern and diaspora of Somali. Geographically, this language is mostly spoken in Somalia, Yemen, Kenya, Dijubouti and Ethiopia. A total of 16.6 million people in the world speak Somali, with 8.3 million of them living in Somalia. The start of the civil war saw new speakers of the language rising in Europe and America.
Officially two languages are recognized by the Federal Government of Somalia: Arabic and Somali language. Arabic found its dominance in the region owing to the interaction with Arab traders since pre-historic times. The education system follows teachings in Somali language as per the law passed in January 1973.

There are three different types of Somali language: Northern, Benadirand Maay. The main variety out of the three languages is the Northern Somali which forms the basis of the standard language. Poets mainly use this language and it is also dubbed as the prestige of Somalia. Benadiris the language spoken in the capital city as well as the central coast of Somalia. The dialect is same as the Northern Somali. Maayis common in the southern region of the horn country and is the most different from the rest two. It varies both in sentence formation as well as phonetics.

The five vowels in Somali language have 4 verities for each of them, making it 20 different vowel sounds. It is yet a point to debate to ascertain whether the language is a tonal or a pitch language. Most recent suggestions tell that the language is a pitch dominant language. Hence the languageof Somalia has a history and is the most documented Cushitic language.

Somalia holidays and travel to Somalia.

Travelling to Somalia for a holiday never runs in person’s mind because of the instability which has hit the country. It is prone to ruthless pirates who kidnap people and want some huge amounts of ransom, bloody warlords and religious extremists. In spite of all these challenges, many people to take travels to Somalia for holidays.
The tourists who visit Somalia are provided security by armed guards. One can travel by plane but to Somalia but it has problems in the airports due to the bombings occurring frequently, although it is one of the safe means of transport. By using vehicles is dangerous since one can be attacked any time by the militia men especially the Al-Shabaab and the constant naggings in the borders of the neighboring countries. By ship and boats is the worst means of transport since you can be attacked by the pirates any time and demand ransoms.

One can take holiday in Somalia since it has some beautiful sites, for example beaches where one can swim with his family although women must dress fully to show respect to the society because of the Sharia law. There are also hotels around the beaches, for example the Peace hotel where one can take delicious Somali foods.

One cannot find visiting Somali boring in that there are many interesting things there to see. The Somali has different cultures and there are many people involved in the pastoral nomads, so one can come to watch them as they wander from one place to another. There is also a possibility many archaeological heritages of painted caves which you can visit to make you familiar with the past of Somalia.

Hence it requires one to have determination and some bribery to take a tour in Somalia.

Somalia Government and Economy

After the end of Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Federal Government of Somalia was formed on 20 August 2012.

The president of Somalia, currently, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, runs the Federal Government of Somalia. The cabinet reports to the president through the Prime Minster.

The national constitution decides the way to run the government. It was passed on 23rd of June 2012. Somalia is officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia and according to the new constitution, is a federation.

Despite civil disorder, Somalia has maintained healthy economy. The country is very poor, government is weak, but still they are doing very well. The Somalia’s stable and healthy economy is based on live stock, money transfer companies and telecommunications. 

According to a report, GDP in 1994 was 3.3 billion. In 2001, it was around 4.1 billion and in 2009 it was 5.731 billion, with an amazing growth rate of 2.6%. 

Somalia’s economy depends upon agriculture and natural resources, airline industry, telecommunications and media, and energy.

Agriculture and natural resources
Agriculture has the key role in economic sector. 65% of the GDP is due to agriculture, and it employs 65% of the workforce. Somali traders also offer meat and quality animals at a very low and affordable prices.

Airline Industry
Before the civil war, Somalia just had one national airline and that was Somali Airlines. In 1997, only 14 private airline firms were offering flights to international destinations. Well known private airlines include Somali Airline, Jubba Airways, and Dalloo Airlines. These airlines offer flights to international destinations such as Dubai and Jeddah as well.

Telecommunications and Media

When it comes to telecommunications, Somalia now offers low priced telecommunications, advanced and high speed internet services in the world. Customers can now transfer money and easily access wireless internet.

Telenor, ITT, and Sprint now have their roots in telecommunications industry in Somalia. The customers can now enjoy the cheapest and clearest phone calls in Africa.

According to a report, in 2005, Somalia just had 12 radio and television stations and 20 Somali newspapers. Another milestone for telecommunication industry, they now have established partnership with the BBC.

Electricity is now being provided in large parts of the country. A consumer has a choice to select from different options such as, evenings only, daytime only, 24 hour, or charge per light bulb.

The nation is moving rapidly on the path of reconstruction, with Somalia’s rich and unused natural resources, they will take no time to match its pre civil war levels. 

Somalia Food and Health

Somali cooking is influenced and is a mixture of different regions like Ethiopian, Yemini, Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Italian. The food that they eat is halal.

Let’s take a look at the different types of food, Somalis eat.
Somalis start their day with the tea (shaah), and eat pancake-like bread. Somalis do not miss their breakfast. This pancake-like bread which they also call canjeero is eaten in many ways. Children eat it when it is mixed with sesame oil until pulpy. They use goat meat as a side dish. People in Mogadishu eat porridge with butter and sugar.

Somali people like to eat pasta or rice which is spiced with cloves, cardamom, and cumin. In south of Somalia, people like to eat hot pot full of rice and sometimes meat. People in Mogadishu love to eat steak and fish. Pasta is also served with the rice as well as wit the banana.

Somali people take dinner at 9 pm and dinner in Somalia is called “casho”. During Ramadan, dinner time is delayed till 11 pm. The most commonly used dish during dinner is Cambuulo, it is made with azuki beans mixed with butter and sugar.

A survey was conducted in 1998 to know which food Somali people love to eat and it was found that 83% of Mogadishu people love to eat Cambuulo.

Before going to bed, they never forget to drink a glass of milk.

During Ramadan, the most commonly eaten snack is Sambuusa, the actual name of the snack is samosa.
In southern part of the Somalia, people like to eat Kabaab. They mix it with potatoes, onion, vegetables, and then deep fry it.
Throughout the day they also use fruits as snacks. Fruits like mango, banana, guava, and grapefruit.

Somalis love to eat sweets. The famous sweets are.

Somalia has been operating without any central government since 1991. Even today, the basic challenges they face is food and health care access. 

Life expectancy in Somalia is 50 years only. 
Besides this Somalia has a highest rate of infant mortality in the world.
Another severe problem in Somalia is of malnutrition.
The Somali government is striving hard to overcome all these issues.

Somalia is Risky Place to Travel

A country filled with bloodshed and war terror, Somalia is a risky place to travel. The country has been on the conflict side of life since early 1990s. This has seen the government forces exchange jurisdiction with the warlords. Several militia groups have thus cropped up with Al Shabab being the most notorious terror group. The country is mainly divided into 3 parts: Somalia to the South, Puntland in the North-East, and Somaliland to the North-West corner of the country.
Traveling in Somalia could be fascinating, though a daring adventure. Independent visitors are encouraged to be on the lookout of the terrorists. The country is now facing crisis from piracy in the coast line. Kidnappers have taken it upon their jurisdiction to control the entry and travel within the country. The torn situation has been scorched by lawlessness and banditry in the country. Nonetheless, the country hosts a number of breathtaking features and landscapes for visitors. There are deserts, mountains, and beaches that have been deserted as well as forests. The Gulf of Aden is one of the many features you would like to see in Somalia.

Holidays in Somalia are to be in a calculated manner. The weather is not always welcoming with hot and dry January to February seasons. In August, the dust clouds take over in collaboration with the monsoon winds. The Islamic calendar has a number of festive seasons for people in Somalia. The holidays depend on the moon phases such as the fasting time and the holiday of Ramadan. Other festive times include the ritualistic times.
While planning on a tour to Somalia, ensure you have the basic travelling documents such as visa and tour guides. The terrain is simple but could be tricky visiting. Meat is known to feature in most of their food and thus making part of their staple food. Be warned, the place is not safe and requires maximum vigilance.

Somalia Culture and Fashion Show

The culture of Somalia is a mixture of different and far away civilizations such as Northeast Africa, India, and Southeast Asia.
Somalia is also known as a “Nation of Poets” or “Nation of Bards”. They have another tradition, they love to tell stories.

The only official language of Somalia is the Somali Language. 

The national official language of the country is Arabic. Most of the Somali people are able to speak Arabic language, and that is because of the religious education and the influence of the Arabic media.

English language is also part of the syllabus in schools. Italian used to be a major language but now only older generations use it.

99% of the Somalis are Muslims and they belong to the Sunni sect. Islam is the religion of Somali republic.

There are not more than 1000 Christians in Somalia, Christianity is minority religion.

Family Structure
Somali people do not marry outside their clan, group, or class. Major Somali clans are as below.

1 Darod
2 Dir
3 Hawiye
4 Isaaq
5 Rahanweyn

Somali men like to wear jeans and t-shirts, but when they are not wearing the western clothing, they wear macawis. On their heads to commonly wrap a colorful turban. Somali men also wear a Arab dress called “jellabiya”. This dress is common in the Arab world.

The regular attire for women in Somalia is “guntiino”. They tie it over their shoulder and around the waist.

Guntiino can also be worn in different ways. Married women use head-scarves, unmarried women do not always cover their heads but cover their face by the use of hijab.

Henna is frequently used on different occasions such as Eid, and Ramadan. Somali women also wear gold jewelry. 

Somalis love football; they are crazy for this game. Their football team is ranked 187th in the world. Another game they are showing interest in is Basketball.

Somalia Holidays and Travel to Somalia

A country filled with bloodshed and war terror, Somalia is a risky place to travel. The country has been on the conflict side of life since early 1990s. This has seen the government forces exchange jurisdiction with the warlords. Several militia groups have thus cropped up with Al Shabab being the most notorious terror group. The country is mainly divided into 3 parts: Somalia to the South, Puntland in the North-East, and Somaliland to the North-West corner of the country.

Traveling in Somalia could be fascinating, though a daring adventure. Independent visitors are encouraged to be on the lookout of the terrorists. The country is now facing crisis from piracy in the coast line. Kidnappers have taken it upon their jurisdiction to control the entry and travel within the country. The torn situation has been scorched by lawlessness and banditry in the country. Nonetheless, the country hosts a number of breathtaking features and landscapes for visitors. There are deserts, mountains, and beaches that have been deserted as well as forests. The Gulf of Aden is one of the many features you would like to see in Somalia.

Holidays in Somalia are to be in a calculated manner. The weather is not always welcoming with hot and dry January to February seasons. In August, the dust clouds take over in collaboration with the monsoon winds. The Islamic calendar has a number of festive seasons for people in Somalia. The holidays depend on the moon phases such as the fasting time and the holiday of Ramadan. Other festive times include the ritualistic times.

While planning on a tour to Somalia, ensure you have the basic travelling documents such as visa and tour guides. The terrain is simple but could be tricky visiting. Meat is known to feature in most of their food and thus making part of their staple food. Be warned, the place is not safe and requires maximum vigilance.

Where is Somalia, Location Explanation?

Somalia is located on the East African Coast. It is commonly referred as the Horn of Africa is bordered by the gulf of Eden in the north, Djibouti to the northwest Indian Ocean to the east, Kenya to the south west, and Ethiopia to the west and the Gulf of Eden to the North. Located strategically at the mouth of Bab el Mandeb gate way to the Red sea and the Suez Canal.

On the African continent Somalia has the longest coastline with a seaboard that stretches 3,025 kilometers. Somali terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands and it has a total area of 637,657 square kilometers of which constitutes land, with 10,320 square kilometers of water. Somali lowest point is at the Indian Ocean 0m and its highest point Shimbiris is at 2,416M 

Principally desert; northeast monsoon, moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon , torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons. Mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north.

A scrub-covered, semi-desert plain called Guban is parallel to the Gulf of Aden littoral in the north of Somali. It has a width of 12 kilometers in the west to almost as little as 2 Kilometers in the east. The plain is divided into two by watercourses which are essentially beds of dry sand except in the rainy seasons. When the rainy season starts the Guban low bushes and grass transform into lash vegetation. This is the eco region called shrublands and it is part of the Ethiopian coastal strip.

In the north east of the country there are mountain ranges called Cal madow extending from many kilometers west of the city of Bosaso and to the north west of Erigavo. This is where we find the highest peak of the country. The Karkaar rugged mountain ranges are to the interior of the Gulf of Eden. The shallow plateaus locally referred to as Ogo locally are in the central and they give way to the country’s northern mountains ranges. The Haud is an important area for live stock and it merges with the Ogo plateau. Jubba and shabele are the only permanent rivers in Somalia and all of them start in the Ethiopian Highlands. Both rivers mainly flow southwards and the Jubba River enters the Indian Ocean at Kismayo, The Shabele River reaches appoint south west of Mogadishu

Somali Women And Female Life In Somalia

The Somali society is majorly patriarchal. This in turn implies that the women are subjects to their male counterparts. The roles of married Somali women are usually defined to include child-bearing and household chores. Girls who are not married in Somalia are however highly respected and valued in Somalia. The Somali men have a custom of putting their sisters before their wives. A man can sacrifice his wife so as to save his sister or do something for her.

Non-governmental organizations have strongly come out to empower the girl child in Somalia by sensitizing them about their rights, encouraging them to take up leadership positions and campaigning against Female circumcision, most commonly referred to in the area as female genital mutilation which is a dangerous and archaic practice. They further campaign against arranged marriages as they are very common in Somalia.

Somali women wear long dresses known as direh in the Somali language with head scarves known as hijab covering their heads as is expected of women by the Somali religion..They mostly adorn themselves with henna which is a painting obtained from the henna plant, they use it to polish their nails and draw patterns on their bodies, especially their hands and legs to enhance beauty.

Somali women are very hard working and work really hard from morning to evening to support their families through the uncertainties of the future and famine. Even though Somali men consider themselves as the heads of their families and the superior gender, the women play a major role as well both socially and economically even by cooking for their husbands and ensuring they are comfortable. The rift between men and women is Somalia is wide to the extent that men are discouraged from shaking the hands of their female counterparts.

One thing for certain is that the women of Somalia deserve better. The antenatal and medical services in Somalia are dangerously insufficient thus leading to a higher mortality rate. The famine and the constant state of chaos doesn’t make it any better, neither does the undermining they receive from their male counterparts.

Somali Beautiful Girls

Somali women are well known all over the world for their beauty. So enthralled are people of the world by their beauty that they easily fall in love with these girls. The women of Somalia are tall and wiry. The average height of a Somali girl is around 5’7-5’9 which is considered as a very good height among women. They have eagle like feature and long hands. The hair is soft curly and wavy in nature. Some people even tell that they have curvy hips. The skin tone varies from light brown to black though most are of caramel complexion. Somali women are considered as one of the most beautiful women.
The certain characteristics of Somali girls are good and bad for certain reasons. Most Somalian girls are feminine and take good care of how they look. Appearance is a crucial factor for the women in Somalia and the women dress modestly in colorful attire. Wearing a head scarf is left to the choice of these girls. The clothes that they wear also depend on the clan to which they belong. Education is a near zero for these girls and they can be considered as second to men in the society. 

The attire that women in Somalia wear makes them look even more beautiful and elegant. Women are usually seen in guntiino, which first draped around the waist and then tied to the shoulders. For festivals and marriages, diracforms the attire of these women. It is a colorful dress and makes women look more elegant. The dirac is worn over a brasseire and a half slip. Gorogoradis the underskirt of the dirac.

Right now the standard of living is improving for these women as the female genital mutilation is considerably decreasing in the country. Lesser women are subject to sexual harassment now-a-days. Also these beautiful women are going to schools and getting educated. 

Hence with all these developments, Somali girls are not just considered beautiful but also ones who are educated and can lead a good life!

Somali Beach And Beach Life

The beaches in Somalia can be considered as one of the best beaches in Africa and also in the world. Being on the Eastern front, this country has a coast length of 3980 square miles which includes the Indian Ocean and the red sea. These scenic and beautiful beaches are somehow not being used to their full potential due to the civil war in the region. Somehow the reefs, the clear water and the tropical islands make it a place to visit for sure.

Sinsui beach is the most famous beach in Somalia. Just a 5km drive from the city of Merca will lead to the Sinsui beach. This is the perfect place tolet go of all your tensions and relax. It isalso dubbed as the prefect spot for romantic couples. The place offers a stay in a hut which has all modern amenities included (romantic, right?). For all adventure enthusiasts this place also offers swimming and diving.

There are sharks that are present in the waters of Somalia. But most of the land protected by the sand bags. To have a more scenic view of the beach, it is advised to construct a tent with cots within each of them. Cots ensure that you are not attacked by crabs in the night. Making a campfire in the night is also a good idea in the beach life.

Post the war era, Somalia has seen a recovery in the number of tourists. Beach life can be fully experienced by spending a day in the beaches. You find the beach commercialized now, with lounge chairs present in the restaurants on the beach. Men can swim and roam shirtless, but women must be in full clothes respecting the tradition of the country. Sea food and hookah is present in the menu but as alcohol is banned in the country you won’t be able to find it easily.

A relaxed evening can be savored by viewing the sunset sitting on a lounge chair in the beach. This completes the experience of beach life in Somalia.

Religion and Religious Beliefs

Somalia’s officially recognized religion is Islam; the national legislation even takes its source from the Sharia and every law that is inconsistent with it is deemed impossible to be enacted... or so it is believed. The new government has actuallyinstituted some changes that are viewed as contrary to Islamic precepts by some religious figures. The government then took drastic measures and persecuted some of those figures that were opposed to the changes which resulted in some sort of accommodation and resignation of the remaining religious leaders.The fact is that after the 1969 revolution and the introduction of scientific socialism, the religious leaders’ status changed quite a bit and their influence decreased noticeably.
Since Somalia, contrarily to the neighboring countries, is neither adherent of Christianity nor any other indigenous faith, it has set a further distance between them and distinctions were reinforced. 

Although the majority of the population is Muslim, not all of them are Sunnite; there are those that follow the Shafi’i school of Islamic jurisprudence, others that are adherents of the Shia and others of Sufism –this last one is particularly well-established with many orders and lots of zawiya. 
In the last decades, however, Salafism has known quite the development in the area. 

Christians, on the other hand, constitute the minority of the population–with a rate that’s as low as 0.01% – and amount to about 1000 practitioners in Somalia. In the whole country, there is only one diocese which is the diocese of Mogadishu.

Those rates are easily explained when one takes the time to delve into the history of Somalia. The fact is that not too long after the hijra, more exactly in the late 800’s, Muslims who were seeking refuge came to the northern Somali coast and that is how Islam was introduced to the area.

Population of Somalia

Somalia is a country located in northeast Africa. Somalia is considered to be the only country with the longest coastline on the continent. The weather is hot all around the year.

According to a census, population of Somalia is around 10 million. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic. Majority of the people in Somalia are Sunni Muslims.

Native Cushitic people started to mingle with Persian and Arab traders, and this interaction led to the emergence of a culture that has common traditions, a single language and the Islamic faith.

Around 60 % of the Somali population raises cattle, camel, sheep, and goats. Around 25 % of the population consists of farmers who live in the productive agricultural areas in southern Somalia.

15%-20% of the population lives in the rural areas. Almost everyone speaks the official Somali language.
The official language Somali is now used as a language of instruction in all institutes throughout the country. The other widely used languages are Arabic, English, and Italian.

“Somali” is obtained from two words, “so maal”, which means, “go milk a beast for yourself”.

Somali family consists of husband, wife, and children, commonly known as nuclear family. Women and girls of the family take care of camels, sheep, and goats. A man’s prestige is measured by the number of camels he owns.

Somali people are considered to be warriors. To become effective fighters, they always train themselves, for that they leave their women behind to take care of the herds.

Somali’s can be divided into four major clan groups. The largest two are, somaal and the sab. Somaal are shepherds and sab live as farmers.

A shepherd’s wife (a somaal) has her own hut and it is her responsibility to manage the home. It does not rain more than 4 inches a year, so a Somali’s life is always on the move in search of the water.

Sometimes back, a Somali’s diet used to be of milk and milk products. Now it consists of rice, meat and wild fruits.
Somali’s like poetry a lot. They learn history and tell stories through their poetry. During evening walks, they love to chant folk tales.
With the passage of time I am sure that Somalia is going to be a part of modern civilization.

Most Beautiful Places In Somalia

Somalia, popularly known as the horn country is a coastline country on the eastern edge of Africa. If a person visits Somalia, he/she will remember the trip for the whole life. With so many breathtaking sites in the country, one is sure to be enchanted in this beautiful land. The major attractions that one should not miss in Somalia include the Bakara market, the Sinsui beach and the Shanghai old city. Other places too are stunning and can be given a visit. Let us describe some of these spots for you.

Bakara Market: This market is the heart of the capital city Mogadishu. The market is filled with shops of food items, ornaments and clothes. The prices too are pretty cheap and also a lot of bargaining is possible. The dresses are ethnic African dresses that the traditional African wears. The street food is mouthwatering and one simply cannot resist the aroma and taste of that food. However a cautionary advice is that this food can be unhygienic. So if your stomach is ready to accept this food, then consume. The Somalian war has, in a strange way, helped the market gain popularity. 
Shanghai Old City: This city is known for its architecture and scenic beauty. It is one of the cities to be visited just for sightseeing. Currently warlords control the city.

Sinsui Beach: A 5km drive from Merca will take you to this beautiful location. All the tourists do make a point to visit this place. Also if you come to Somalia with your better half, do make it a point to see this place. The hotels here are in the form of huts will all amenities.

Other famous locations include the LaasGaal caves that have a series of cave paintings in different caves. Jubba river is another place that will pop your eyes out. Forts and other historical monuments can be seen in the historical city of Taxeel. The coast of Mogadishu, called as the Mogadishu waterfront is another coastline which is also the harbor of the city. 

So when you go to Somalia, make sure that you see these places!


Mogadishu or Xamar(as it is called locally) is the largest city and also the capital of Somalia. This city is on the coastal region and has served as one of the major ports. The historic era of this city saw itself inhabited by the hunter-gathers of Bushman. The medieval era saw it being ruled by the Muzaffardynasty. In the colonial period, this city belonged to the Italian area. It saw heavy losses in the 1991 civil war and is currently on the road to recovery.

Tourists who visit this city are sure to be spellbound by its 1000 year rich history. The buildings and other monuments of this city are also worthwhile. Being the most important work, most of the trade and export happens via this city. Mogadishu was first discovered by the Arab traders who frequented the land. They set up trade centers in the city and made it one of the most prosperous cities in the region, a phenomenon that exists even today. It was only after independence in 1960 that it was made the capital of Somalia.

The number of people who have made this city their home exceeds 1.5 million. Due to the infamous civil war that lasted for a decade, this city lost most of its hospitals, industries and monuments. The turmoil created by the war completely ruined the economy of Mogadishu. The transitional government followed by the federal government ensured that the city is put on the path of recovery. Due to the efforts both from the private sector as well as the government, Mogadishu saw setting up of new industries post war. The flagship of those industries was the setting up of the Coca-Cola manufacturing unit. Also the telecommunication system is at par with the worlds’ best, making it a good area to invest in.

The transportation is slowly making inroads. Right now one has to use vans/trucks to move from one place to another. The best places to see in Mogadishu are the archway, Cathedral and the Arba mosque. With constant efforts from the government and other organization, Mogadishu is trying to regain the status it used to hold once.

Mogadishu Somalia

Mogadishu is not only Somalia’sbiggest city but also its capital. Its strategic location allowed it for centuries to be a very important port; it is after all situated in the Benaadir coast (exactly at 2°4’N 45°22’ E) which gives her access to the Indian Ocean.
It has a surface area of 1657 km² and no less than 1.353.000 inhabitants which results in a density that is estimated to be of 817 / km².
Records affirm that the capital –and the southern Somalia as a whole– was first populated by hunter-gatherers of Bushman physical stock. Later on, Cushitic agro-pastoralists came in to the area. As for Arabs and Persians, they only started settling down in the area in the late 9th or 10th century. 

The city was ruled, during the medieval Golden Age, by a vassal of the Ajuuraan state, and was at a later given time under the reign of the GobroonDynastie. Then, during colonization, it became the capital of Italian Somaliland. 

The city is known for the Hamarweyn old town, the Bakaara market and the former resort of Gezira Beach and is officially divided into 16 administrative districts.

Despite it being located so close to the Equator, the capital has a dry climate. Since it mostly lays on a desert terrain, it is quite understandable that the climate is classified as hot and semi-arid. Rainfall is definitely not as frequent as one would want which results in the inhabitants suffering from drought quite often. 
Because of civil war, the economics suffered greatly however it is now recovering –slowly but surely. Some businesses specialized in hotel accommodation and things of the sort even had to hire private security militia so that their clients are protected. 
Food, beverage processing and textile are the main industries in the area 

Somalia’s officially two spoken languages

There are officially two spoken languages in Somalia, namely Somali and Arabic. There are, however, few other foreign languages that are also in use. 

The Somali is first and foremost the Somalis’ mother-tongue. It belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family and is considered as the best documented one among the Cushitic languages since it has academic studies that date back to even before the 1900.

The Somali language speakers amounted in 2006 to no less than 16.6 million, half of which were from Somalia whereas the other half was mostly composed of a few ethnic minority groups within Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Yemen.
The dialects belong mainly to one of three important groups: Northern (which forms the basis for standard Somali), Benaadir (which is spoken in the coast of which it was given the name, from Cadelay to south of Merca, Mogadish –the capital– included) and Maay (which is spoken by the Digil and the Mirifle clans that mainly occupy the southern of the country).

After Somali, comes Arabic –another Afro-Asiatic language– that is spoken by Somali people mainly because of their centuries-old ties with Arabs. That is not to say that the Arabic media and the religious education don’t have their influence as well; on the contrary, it’s probably what keeps the language alive within their mouths even more. The Yemeni dialect is the one the inhabitants of Somalia prefer. Moreover, it is no mystery that most of Somali’s borrowing come from Arabic and that shows its potency in the area. 

The minority and foreign spoken languages in the country are English (which is widely taught and used), Italian (which, upon independence, lost influence noticeably and is nowadays no longer viewed as the major language), Bravanese (a variant of the Swahili language) and Kibajuni (which is another Swahili dialect).

Prehistory of Somalia and Historical Places

Somalia is a country located in northeast Africa. Somalia is considered to be the only country with the longest coastline on the continent. The weather is hot all around the year.

In northern part of the country, cave paintings have been found and they are as old as 9000 BC. 
The Laas Gaal complex has some of the oldest rock art on the African continent. 

19th Century
Mohammed Abdullah Hassan, in 19th century, when European powers began the race to Africa, started one of the longest and toughest resistance wars ever. In many of his speeches, Hassan highlighted that the British “have destroyed our religion and made our children their children”. Hassan then made it compulsory and issued a religious ordinance that every Somali national has to accept the goal of unity of Somalia and if he did not fight under his leadership, he then would be considered as kafir. He had four expeditions with British and drove them back, and he had relations with Central Powers and German Empires.
Historical Places
Mogadishu is the capital city of Somalia. The estimated population of Mogadishu is 2450000. It is still not clear that how the name was formed. Some say it is derived from the Arabic name “maqad shah”, another group says that it comes from the Somali version of the Swahili “mwyu ma”. Italy, in 1905, made it the capital of Italian Somaliland.

Bakara Market
Another beautiful place to visit in Somalia is the lively street, named Bakara Market. If you are looking for a vast variety of food, clothing, and ornaments in the Somali style, this is the best place. You can get the African ethnic designs and colors for a very low price, after bargain. Street food in Bakara Market is very tasty, and it will make you lick your fingers. Street food is made using the most common ingredients yet you cannot resist it.

National Parks
National parks are the biggest attraction for any visitor in Somalia. Throughout the country we find well preserved, fresh looking national parks that give the tourist a chance to look upon ancient and rare east African species. 

One of the best national parks any visitor would like to go is Kismayu National Park of Somalia. 
If you have interest in African species then you should give a visit to Hargeisa National Park, situated in the north of Somalia.

History and Historical Places of Somalia

Somalia has quite a long history since, in the north of the country, there are some cave paintings that were found and believed to belong to the 9000 BC. Somalia is known for the LaasGaalcultural complex which is an important historical site because of its rock art that represents some of the earliest ever in the continent. There were also some inscriptions found just beneath those paintings but they remain undeciphered.
In addition, it is assured that the burial custom goes way back in the Horn of Africa region since Somalia’s cemeteries are said to date back to the 4th millennium BC.

Then, after the prehistory, came civilizations which inevitably left their valuable remains. There are ancient cities (ruins would be the more accurate term for most), tombs and even walls that prove it–the Wargraad Wall is one of them.
Thanks to research, it was even found out that there was a writing system that was in use in Somalia back in the 2nd millennium. 

In the last 800’s, Muslims, coming from the Arabian Peninsula, sought refuge in the Horn of Africa region thus bringing the Islam culture. The Adal Sultanate for instance was a medieval kingdom which was almost continuously having battles with the neighboring Abyssinia, and had the monopoly over quite a large area (along with Somalia, came Ethiopia, Djibouti and Eritrea). 
The successors of the Adal and Ajuuraan empires were numerous (The Warsangali Sultanate, the Bari Dynasties, etc.) and all had in common their respect of one of their predecessors’ tradition which was castle-building (and along with castles, came fortresses as well). 

After World War 2, both British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland remained under the control of Britain as protectorates. In 1945, Italy was granted trusteeship of Italian Somaliland by the United Nations provided Somalia would become independent within ten years. British Somaliland, on the other hand, didn’t achieve independence until 1960. 

Somalia has many historical sites among which one can cite Shangani and Hamarwayne, some vestiges from the Islamic culture, which –sadly enough– suffered enormously during the civil war. The Shanghai old city represents one of the most important historical sites of the country.

Somalia Government and Economy

Somalia’s Transitional Federal Institutions are the governmental foundations that were established in October-November 2004 at a conference that was held in Kenya. They include the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), the Transitional Federal Parliament (TFP) and the Transitional Federal Charter (TFC). 

The Transitional Federal Government was, until the 20th of August 2012 (date of establishment of the Federal Government), the internationally recognized government of Somalia. It officially included the executive branch of the government and the legislative branch which was represented by the Transitional Federal Parliament. 

In 2006, the southern part of the country was overcome by the Islamic Courts Unions (ICU) which forcefully and without delays established the Sharia law. Despite the TFG’s efforts, it was only with the help of Ethiopian troops, the African Union pacemakers, and some air support from the U.S. that it managed to reinforce its rule by defeating and chasing away the ICU. 

In the 14th of October 2010, Somalia’s new Prime Minister was appointed –namely, Mohamed Abdullah Mohamed who, abiding by the Transitional Federal Charter of The Somali Republic, named a new cabinet in November 12th of that same year.

Surprisingly enough, despite suffering from the civil war, Somalia’s economics remained relatively well-preserved although it is mostly based on livestock, telecommunications and money transfer companies. 
Because of the civil unrest, it is hard to give an accurate estimation of the growth of economy. Nevertheless, the private is believed to have noticeably grown especially the service-related one. Contrarily to what it was like before the civil war began, the services are no longer monopolized by the government since there were some important private investments carried out, most of which were financed by the Somali Diaspora. The customary law is supposedly held responsible for this increase. 
It is important to note, however, that the Central Bank of Somalia is the country’s official monetary authority but it is still assuming the task of formulating implementing monetary policy.

Genocide In Somalia

Somalia, the once beautiful country has been a victim of civil war since 1991. This civil war had led to a complete infrastructure breakdown. The civil war started as a result of clan warfare and has been termed as the “world’s worst humanitarian disaster”, according to the United Nations. Even though the government stabilized in 2009, more than 700000 people were under the refugee camps of the UN making it the 3rd largest refugee camp in the world.

This clan war saw several repercussions in the country, the main being genocide. Genocide refers to the massive killing of people of a particular ethnic group. The year 1991 saw the government being pulled down by the opposing clans. SiadBarre, the long serving leader saw massive opposition due to his decisions taken in anger. This led to a lot of clans trying to take over the government. These clan warlords, in pursuit of power killed thousands of civilians mostly of other clans leading to the situation of genocide in the country. A BBC report published in 2010 highlighted the fact that the capital Mogadishu is turning into a hub of slow genocide. It suggested that the residential zones were often victims of war. These zones saw frequent shelling and firing. Bodies were spread over all the streets. Islamist militants and the government of Somalia were at loggerheads during this time leading to frequent war in that area. Estimates reveal that around 500000 people lost their lives in the war and genocide combined.

The United Nations, European Union and the American Union have constantly sought for resolutions in the war affected country. Despite all the attempts, violence still continues in the region and more people are losing their lives day after day. Finding a solution to this problem seems to be a very complex process.

Healthand Food in somalia

Until the federal government’s collapse in 1991, Somalia’s healthcare sector was handled by the Ministry of Health and was largely centralized. 1972 was the year that witnessed the disappearance of private medical practices, all because of a decision made by the government during the ‘reign’ of SiadBarre. The national budget was mostly used for military purposes which left the other services such as healthcare neglected.
The civil war wasn’t of much help either since it destroyed a lot of medical public infrastructures. That had to be when the government lost its monopoly over the healthcare service especially since the informal suppliers filled the vacuum. As a result, several, new, low-cost clinics, hospitals and pharmacies were established and that allowed the life expectancy to increase noticeably while the rates of maternal and infant mortality fell. The prevalence of infectious diseases decreased as well and that shows in the regression of the death rate. When comparing the number of physicians back in the 1985-1990 period to that of the 2005-2010 period, the increase is also evident.
Somalia registers a remarkably low rate of HIV infection (1% of adults in 1987 and 0.7 in 2009) and that is due to its inhabitants’ religious beliefs –Islam. 
Nowadays, the country’s healthcare is mainly private-invested but that is not to say that the public system isn’t being, step by step, rebuilt. 

Due to its semi-arid to arid climate, Somalia’s agriculture was a neglected sector in the past. However, it is nowadays the most important economic sector in the country. The regions that are exploited for this sector’s expansion are Gedo, Middle and Lower Juba, Middle and Lower Shabelle and Hiran which are all in the vicinity of the Juba and the Shabella rivers. 
Supposedly, there’s not much to worry about famine, the country’s inhabitants are –by far– more in danger of contracting an infectious disease than dying out of lack of food... but due to the drought the country faced in 2011, there was actually a severed food crisis.


Africa, the second largest continent is famous or rather infamous for its poverty and low standards of living. But this is an undeniable fact that Africa is also famous for its places that are generally breathtaking and eye catching. These places are worth visiting for their scenic beauty and adventure activities that can be done there. Here we bring a compilation of the 10 best locations in Africa.

Bazaruto Archipelago: This site is a part of Mozambique. Famous for its clear water and beautiful beaches, most people visit this place either for relaxing or enjoying water sport. Fishing is allowed here as well.

Table Mountain: This is the prime spot in Cape Town, South Africa. Photographers have a field day here trying to shoot in every angle. Cable cars provide transport to and from the mountains. It is also a general perception to view the beautiful sunset from the top.
Pyramids of Giza: One cannot miss this wonder of the world located in Egypt. The way in which these pyramids were constructed still remains a mystery. People admire these monuments as they were constructed without any use of technology.

Sun City: Located in South Africa, it is considered as one of the best destinations for a holiday in that region. It offers luxurious hotels, casinos and forests. So if you have a lot of money or want to try your luck, you have found your ideal destination.

Ngorongoro: Try pronouncing this location first! Situated in Tanzania, this place is known for its greenery and wildlife. One should never miss the migration in this part of the world. The thundering of animals as they migrate is an event to be captured and cherished.

Mauritius: We name the entire island as a perfect and beautiful place. It is preferred by those who want to unwind and enjoy the scenic beauties. It also offers activities like fishing, surfing etc.

Djmaa el Fna: This place a town square located in Morocco. The entire market like place is filled with date sellers, snake charmers and story tellers. Just by looking at this place, you will realize that you’re in Africa.

Victoria Falls: This list would have been incomplete without mentioning this beauty located between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Devils pool is the most sought after in this location. It is a pool so close to the waterfall but you can swim in it without the risk of falling.

Serengeti: A little lesser known places, Serengeti is located in both Tanzania and Kenya. Animal lovers would like to visit this place. 

Sossusvlei dunes: No one ever thought seeing a dune might be this magnificent. Situated in Namibia, this desert dune is sure a great sight to watch.

Somalian women & female life

Women in Somalia face so many discrimination and endemic assault. They are facing these with harmful repercussions for their lives. Somali women have shown strength despite of different difficulties. After sustained more than 20 years of civil war in Somalia and hardship the country's future lies in their hands. Women of Somalia are finally looking to a lighter future and they are also supported by greater balance in parts of the country and authorities attempting to rebuild the social contract between the State of Somalia and its general people. 

Abuse towards women and girls impacts all societies. In Somalia the war has changed the gender roles and women are often taking the lead role in providing for families livelihoods and they are also continuing as the main care providers. Because of women increased economic role and contributions to clan activities in Somalia. Somali women remain largely omitted from decision-making properties. They are also facing a worrying enhance in rape and sexual abuse because of the inactive security system of Somalia. 

In Somalia only 37 percent of students at the lower primary school levels are girls which are so negligible. The gender difference is greatly pronounced in upper levels education system. Since 2003-2004 there has been very small progress toward minimizing the gender difference. In this time the results of previous school surveys reflect the same pattern of education of girl. UNICEF mentioned several aspects impacting low enrolment of girls in Somalia. The most important social factor is the traditionally early marriage of Somali girls during their school-going age. 

As Somalia enters a new time, offenses of women's human rights must be resolved. Somalia should have to be strong and make sure women are given the chance to build their country, to be part of the governmental process, and part of a reasonable and comprehensive society.

Somalia Religion and Religious Belief

Most of the people of Somalia are Sunni Muslims and less than 1 percent of ethnic Somalis are Christians. A few number of non-Somali ethnic fraction groups in the southern parts of the country also exercise animism. For the Bantu, these spiritual customs were got from their forefathers in southeastern Africa and these consist of the exercise of ownership dances and the use of magic and curses. 

Islam is a vast majority religion in Somalia, It was founded in 622 AD and introduced to the country by the early admirers of its founder and It was Prophet Mohammad. Its basic lessons are embodied in the Quran which is the Bible of the Muslims and in Islam sharia recommends the pillars of faith. The 1st and 2nd categories of Islam under these pillars refer to actions and nightlong prayer, respectively. Its 3rd refers many high-end activities. The 4th category is about the undesirable but allowed act of divorce. The last category banned acts of cheating and other sinful deeds. 

The Muslim trust forms an important part of daily social life. The attempts of Catholic and Protestant missionaries have never been effective to cheat them. Some of the terms for "God" are also found among the neighboring non-Muslim peoples and in urban areas many people was motivated by the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood known as Akhiwaan Muslimin. 

A variety of religious beings are considered to occupy the world. The jinny is the only category of spirits that Islam identifies. It is generally harmless if it is left uninterrupted. There are other types of spirits such as ayaamo, mingis, and rohaan. People who are held often form cults seeking to ease the owning spirit. 

As a few religions in Somalia, Christianity has more than 1,000 enthusiasts in the country. Its only cathedral in Mogadishu has been seriously broken at the height of constant fighting between the warring groups of civil war of Somalia.

Somalia language

The Somali language is a member of the Cushitic languages which is including Aroma and Afar that are spoken in the different part of Africa. This group of languages is in turn a member of the Afro-asiatic family of languages as example Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Egyptian, and Mandara, among others. Somali is the national language of Somalia which is also spoken in Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Somali is also spoken as an adoptive language by a few ethnic few groups in these regions.
The languages of Somalia refer to the various spoken forms of communication in Somalia which includes the nation's official languages. The Somali language is the main language of Somalia and the mother tongue of the Somali people. Its nearest relatives are the Afar and soho languages which are similar to Somali. Somali dialects are split into three main groups and these are Northern, Benaadir and maay. Among these Northern Somali forms the basis for Standard Somali. 

In addition to Somali, Arabic is also an Afro-Asiatic tongue which is a formal national language in Somalia. Many Somalis speak it because the centuries-old ties with the Arab World, the far-reaching impact of the Arabic media in Somalia and religious education especially the Yemeni dialect in Somalia languages. Somali's main sentence borrowings come from Arabic language. Most of the vocabulary terms of this language comprised of commonly-used nouns. 

Foreign & different group’s languages: 
English is also commonly used and educated language in Somalia. Italian used to be a significant language in Somalia but its impact significantly reduced following independence. Italian language is now mostly used among older generations of the Somalia people. Other community languages include Chimwiini or Chimbalazi which is a version of the Bant and it is spoken along the coast by the bravanese people as well as Kibajuni which is another Swahili language that is the mother tongue of the Bajuni minority ethnic group of Somalia.

Somalia Holidays And Travel To Somalia

Somalia, the country present in the horn of Africa is a coastline country and one of the most beautiful places in the world. Bordered by countries like Ethiopia, Kenya and Dijubouti, this place is considered as a tourist destination if you maintain your safety and follow certain norms. Right now it is advised NOT TO TRAVEL into the country as it has been tagged as a WAR ZONE. So someday when you want to travel to this beautiful destination, this article will help you to understand about Somalia. To go to a country you need to know its climate. Somalia, like most African countries is basically a desert having a hot climate throughout the year and recurring droughts. The rain is seasonal and unpredictable.
The general temperature throughout the land is 30oC to 45oC barring the coastal regions. The period from May-October is considered as the best for travel as there is a gentle sea breeze sweeping the area. The region is divided into four main parts: Southern Somalia, Central Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland. The best regions to visit are the Somaliland and the Puntland. The Southern Somalia region is the home to the capital and the main war ridden zone. The three main cities are the Mogadishu, Hargeisa and Kismayo. Hargeisa is the capital of Somaliland and one of the safest places followed by Kismayo which is known for its wildlife. It is advised not to venture into war affected Mogadishu. You can either directly reach Somalia by plane (the safest way in and out of Somalia) or take transport from nearby countries. However travel by car is not advised as the borders are genrally sealed. Travelling around the city can either be done by using taxis or the public transport. The major tourist attractions can be divided into 4 types: the landscapes, the coasts, the towns and the wildlife. 

Landscapes: The northern mountains are places where you have a chance to see the nomads. The best region is in between Berbara and Hargesya. Another strikingly different landscape is the southern plains. The rivers from Ethiopia make this land fertile and green which gives a pleasant view to relax your mind. 

Coasts: The beach along Mogadishu is exquisite. Breathtaking scenes can be seen in the Zeila coast. Swimming is allowed in the beach and families frequent it in the weekends. Sharks also can be seen the beach. One advisory will be that women can swim only in full clothes. It’s a law that must be followed.Sinsui beach is another famous spot. 

Towns: Hargeysa is one of the most beautiful towns due to the fact that it has an altitude separating it from the others. It used to be one of the most visited cities before civil war destroyed it. Mogadishu had camel markets and colonial buildings as the main attractions before the civil war (again) which ruined most of it. 

Wildlife: Dromedaries are found in abundance over here. Before the war, there were a lot of lions, giraffes, zebras and hyenas. Now only crocodiles and hippopotami are found near the rivers. 

Apart from the sight-seeing, Somali cuisine is delicious to eat and also is one of the most famous things to do there. Go to a local restaurant and savor the taste of the authentic cuisine. Have the cultural tea or the Shah Hawaashin the local shops. 

Food, scenery and fun-this place has it all. Let us only hope that war tension eases in the near future and the country becomes safe to travel 
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