Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Somalia Human Rights

Somalia Human Rights

Since the overthrow of Siad Barre's 21-year government in January 1991, civil conflict has torn Somalia apart, leading to the collapse of the state and the economy. Fighting between armed Islamist groups and pro-government forces has subjected southern and central Somalia to violence and instability. Civilians are killed and injured as a result of indiscriminate attacks and generalized violence, and conflict has forced over two million people to leave their homes, seeking refuge as internally displaced persons (IDPs) or as refugees in neighboring countries. Access by aid agencies to civilians and the displaced is restricted by armed groups and insecurity. Humanitarian workers, journalists and human rights activists are at risk of killings and abductions. Armed groups control most of southern and central Somalia and they often carry out unlawful killings, torture and forced recruitment. The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) controls only part of the capital Mogadishu and there is no effective justice system. Serious human rights abuses, including war crimes, are met with impunity. Somalia continues to carry out the death penalty.

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