Saturday, January 22, 2011

Most remarkable archaeological discoveries in China

Top 10 Discoveries of 2010
Volume 64 Number 1, January/February 2011
Decades from now people may remember 2010 for the BP oil spill, the Tea Party, and the iPad. But for our money, it's a lock people will still be excited about the year's most remarkable archaeological discoveries, which we explore (along with one "undiscovery") in the following pages.

This was the year we learned that looters led archaeologists to spectacular and unparalleled royal tombs in both Turkey and Guatemala. An unexpected find brought us closer to Pocahontas, and an underwater archaeological survey in the high Canadian Arctic located the ill-fated HMS Investigator, abandoned in 1853.

Archaeologists weren't just busy in the field, though. A number of breakthroughs happened in the lab, too. A new radiocarbon dating technique was perfected this year that will allow scientists to date artifacts without harming them.

Laboratory analysis of the bones of a close relative of Lucy revealed how early hominins walked. And anthropologists in Germany announced startling news about the Neanderthal genome that might send you scrambling to submit your own DNA for sequencing.

The Tomb of Hecatomnus
Milas, Turkey

Paleolithic Tools
Plakias, Crete

Royal Tomb
El Zotz, Guatemala

Early Pyramids
Jaen, Peru

HMS Investigator
Banks Island, Canada

Decoding the Neanderthal Genome
Leipzig, Germany

Child Burials
Carthage, Tunisia

Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia

1608 Church
Jamestown, Virginia

Nondestructive Radiocarbon Dating
College Station, Texas
Undiscovery of the Year

Clovis Comet
North America
Sites Under Threat
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